council of europe

Non-European states: Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, South Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritius, Morocco, New Zealand, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, South Africa, Syria, Tajikistan, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uruguay, Venezuela and the observers Canada, Israel, Japan, Mexico, United States. The archive is searchable by country, by name, and chronologically.[21]. There are now almost 50 member states, and it … [70], The working conditions of staff are governed by the Council's staff regulations, which are public. … On 19 November 2003, the Committee of Ministers changed the consultative status into a participatory status, "considering that it is indispensable that the rules governing the relations between the Council of Europe and NGOs evolve to reflect the active participation of international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) in the Organisation's policy and work programme". The various activities and achievements of the Council of Europe can be found in detail on its official website. It now includes 47 members, almost all countries located geographically in Europe. [24] The Convention created the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. On 10 August 1949, 100 members of the Council's Consultative Assembly, parliamentarians drawn from the twelve member nations, met in Strasbourg for its first plenary session, held over 18 sittings and lasting nearly a month. The best known of its treaties is the European Convention on Human Rights, and the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights are regularly reported on in the media. [3] Founded in 1949, it has 47 member states, with a population of approximately 820 million, and operates with an annual budget of approximately 500 million euros. [62][63], The Council of Europe Schools of political studies were established to train future generations of political, economic, social and cultural leaders in countries in transition. Non-member states also participate in several partial agreements, such as the Venice Commission, the Group of States Against Corruption (GRECO), the European Pharmacopoeia Commission and the North-South Centre. 183). The idea behind the Council of Europe is that democratic country which respects the human rights and the rule of law can solve difficult conflicts without descending into a crisis or a war. "The Council of Europe and the European Union: different roles, shared values. Since September 2014 Human Rights Watch said that Azerbaijan's, systematic crackdown on human rights defenders and other perceived government critics shows sheer contempt for its commitments to the Council of Europe[79], In 2017 Council member and Italian politician Luca Volontè was accused by Italian prosecutors of receiving over 2.3 million euros in bribes in exchange for working for Azerbaijan in the parliamentary assembly, and that in 2013 he played a key role in orchestrating the defeat of a highly critical report on the abuse of political prisoners in Azerbaijan. The rules for Consultative Status for INGOs appended to the resolution (93)38 "On relation between the Council of Europe and non-governmental organisations", adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 18 October 1993 at the 500th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies. [7] The Council of Europe is an official United Nations Observer.[8]. Historical Background 1 The Council of Europe (COE) was the first European political organization founded with a view to achieving closer unity among its members (Regional Co-operation and Organization: European States).The idea of European unity had been propagated by philosophers and statesmen for several centuries. Information Offices of the Council of Europe in many member states. Council of Europe (not be confused with the European Council, the EU’s policy-making body), organization of European countries that seeks to protect democracy and human rights and to promote European unity by fostering cooperation on legal, cultural, and social issues. Both approaches were finally combined through the creation of a Committee of Ministers (in which governments were represented) and a Consultative Assembly (in which parliaments were represented), the two main bodies mentioned in the Statute of the Council of Europe. One of the Council's first acts was to welcome West Germany into its fold on 2 May 1951,[17] setting a pattern of post-war reconciliation that was to become a hallmark of the Council, and beginning a long process of "enlargement" which was to see the organisation grow from its original ten founding member states to the 47 nations that make up the Council of Europe today. The Agora building has been voted "best international business center real estate project of 2007" on 13 March 2008, at the MIPIM 2008. Whereas the member states of the European Union transfer part of their national legislative and executive powers to the European Commission and the European Parliament, Council of Europe member states maintain their sovereignty but commit themselves through conventions/treaties (international law) and co-operate on the basis of common values and common political decisions. 103, E.T.S. To avoid confusion with the European Union which subsequently adopted the same flag in the 1980s, as well as other European institutions, the Council of Europe often uses a modified version with a lower-case "e" surrounding the stars which are referred to as the "Council of Europe Logo". [49] Greece[50][51] joined three months later, and Iceland,[52][53] Turkey[54][55] and West Germany[56][57] the next year. [84][85][86] In May 2019, Russia's voting rights were restored after members of the human rights watchdog reached agreement to resolve dispute and the overwhelming majority of the Council voted in favour of the restoration. 216). With the participation of national and international experts, they run annual series of seminars and conferences on topics such as European integration, democracy, human rights, the rule of law and globalisation. [66] Currently, the Council of Europe holds observer status with the United Nations and is regularly represented in the UN General Assembly. 12 January 2021 The Council of Europe (CoE) was founded in 1949 to promote the rule of law and respect for human rights. These belong to the European Union, which is separate from the Council of Europe, although they have shared the same European flag and anthem since the 1980s since they both work for European integration. The Council of Europe works in the following areas: The institutions of the Council of Europe are: The CoE system also includes a number of semi-autonomous structures known as "Partial Agreements", some of which are also open to non-member states: The seat of the Council of Europe is in Strasbourg, France. Besides the status as a full member, the Council of Europe has established other instruments for cooperation and participation of non-member states: observer, applicant, special guest, and partner for democracy. Ireland ratified the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse (CETS No. In 2018 an archive of all speeches made to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe by heads of state or government since the Council of Europe's creation in 1949 appeared online, the fruit of a two-year project entitled "Voices of Europe". * The Council of Europe is an international organization that is distinct from the European Union. Founded in the aftermath of the Second World War, the Council of Europe is Europe’s oldest political organisation. The Council of Europe was founded on 5 May 1949 by Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom. It now has 47 member states, with Montenegro being the latest to join. Read more The European Council is the EU institution that defines the general political direction and priorities of the European Union. In a speech in 1929, French Foreign Minister Aristide Briand floated the idea of an organisation which would gather European nations together in a "federal union" to resolve common problems. It consists of the heads of state or government of the member states , together with its President and the President of the Commission. The European Wergeland Centre, a new Resource Centre on education for intercultural dialogue, human rights and democratic citizenship, operated in cooperation with the Norwegian Government, opened in Oslo, Norway, in February 2009.[48]. [47] The European Youth Centre is located in the Wacken district. [68], The Council of Europe also signed an agreement with FIFA in which the two agreed to strengthen future cooperation in areas of common interests. Protocol No. "[22] Membership is open to all European states who seek harmony, cooperation, good governance and human rights, accepting the principle of the rule of law and are able and willing to guarantee democracy, fundamental human rights and freedoms. "Russia’s 2015 law on 'undesirable organizations' has been severely criticized by the … The Council of Europe cannot make binding laws, but it does have the power to enforce select international agreements reached by European states on various topics. European states: Kosovo, Kazakhstan, Belarus and the observer Vatican City. The Council of Europe is composed of the following institutions: the Committee of Ministers (the Permanent Representative (= Ambassador) of the Member State holding the chairmanship, presides over the weekly meetings of the Committee of the Ministers' Deputies), At the end of negotiations, the Council decides on the signature and conclusion of the agreement, based on a proposal from the Commission. [85] European Council secretary-general Thorbjørn Jagland organized a special committee to find a compromise with Russia in early 2018, a move that was criticized as giving in to alleged Russian pressure by Council members and academic observers, especially if voting sanctions were lifted. Some very early speeches by individuals considered to be "founding figures" of the European institutions, even if they were not heads of state or government at the time, are also included (such as Sir Winston Churchill or Robert Schuman). Founded in 1949, the Council of Europe seeks to develop throughout Europe common and democratic principles based on the European Convention on Human Rights and other… The future structure of the Council of Europe was discussed at the Congress of Europe which brought together several hundred leading politicians, government representatives and members of civil society in The Hague, Netherlands, in 1948. The Enlarged Partial Agreement on Sport, which is open to accession by states and sport associations. A. Its musical anthem since 1972, the "European Anthem", is based on the "Ode to Joy" theme from Ludwig van Beethoven's ninth symphony. ", European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism, Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine, The European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ), European Committee for the Prevention of Torture, European Commission against Racism and Intolerance, Convention for the protection of individuals with regard to automatic processing of personal data, Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse, Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Permanent Representatives and Ambassadors, European Charter of Local Self-Government, INGOs Conference of the Council of Europe, seat of the European Parliament in Strasbourg, other instruments for cooperation and participation, Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, Council of Europe–European Union relations, European Convention on the Recognition of the Legal Personality of International Non-Governmental Organisations, annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, Common European Framework of Reference for Languages, List of linguistic rights in European constitutions, "Resolution 2208 (2018): Modification of the Assembly's Rules of Procedure: the impact of the budgetary crisis on the list of working languages of the Assembly", "BBC News - Profile: The Council of Europe", "Lumni | Enseignement - Discours d'Aristide Briand devant la SDN du 7 septembre 1929", https://www.winstonchurchill.org/resources/speeches/1941-1945-war-leader/national-address/, http://www.ibiblio.org/pha/policy/1943/1943-03-21a.html, "Winston Churchill and the Council of Europe", "Speeches made to the Parliamentary Assembly (1949-2018)", https://europa.eu/european-union/sites/europaeu/files/docs/body/paul-henri_spaak_en.pdf, "Accession of Germany to the Council of Europe (Strasbourg, 2 May 1951) - CVCE Website", "Speeches made to the Parliamentary Assembly (by Country)", "All speeches by heads of state and government to PACE since 1949 online", "Discours prononcés devant l'Assemblée parlementaire (1949-2018) - par pays", "The Council of Europe and the European Union", "Details of Treaty No.198: Council of Europe Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime and on the Financing of Terrorism", "Details of Treaty No.174: Civil Law Convention on Corruption", "Council of Europe Convention for the protection of Human Rights and dignity of the human being with regard to the application of biology and medicine", "Microsoft Word - Convention 197 Trafficking E.doc", "Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse", "Details of Treaty No.210: Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence", "Details of Treaty No.135: Anti-Doping Convention", "Jagland re-elected head of Council of Europe", "Biography - Commissioner for Human Rights", "A word from the President on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the Conference of INGOs of the Council of Europe", "Statute of the Council of Europe is signed in London", "Federal Republic of Germany joins the Council of Europe", "The Council of Europe and the European Union sign an agreement to foster mutual cooperation", "Council of Europe – European Union: "A sole ambition for the European continent, "Draft treaty modifying the treaty on the European Union and the treaty establishing the European community", "The Council of Europe's Relations with the United Nations", https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc.jsp?Ref=Res%282003%298&Language=lanEnglish&Ver=original&Site=CM&BackColorInternet=C3C3C3&BackColorIntranet=EDB021&BackColorLogged=F5D383, "UEFA and the Council of Europe sign Memorandum of Understanding", "Council of Europe and FIFA ink landmark deal on cooperation in shared areas", General Agreement on Privileges and Immunities of the Council of Europe, Resolutions on the Council of Europe Staff Regulations, "Flag, anthem and logo: the Council of Europe's symbols", "Council of Europe members suspected of corruption, inquiry reveals", "The Brief: Council of Europe in hunt for relevance", "What the 2014 Havel Prize says about the Council of Europe – and what should happen now", "Azerbaijan: Government Repression Tarnishes Chairmanship Council of Europe's Leadership Should Take Action", "Il Consiglio d'Europa e il caso Azerbaijan tra regali e milioni", Russia cancels payment to Council of Europe after claiming its delegates are being persecuted over Crimea, "Russia withholds payments to the Council of Europe | DW | 01.03.2018", "Russia tests Council of Europe in push to regain vote", "A Classic Dilemma: Russia's Threat to Withdraw from the Council of Europe", "Council of Europe restores Russia's voting rights", Commission against Racism and Intolerance, Sovereign states and dependent territories, Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO), North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA), Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia (CUBKR), Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, International relations of the Great Powers (1814–1919), Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC), Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), China–Japan–South Korea trilateral summits, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, Australia–New Zealand–United States Security Treaty (ANZUS), Brazil–Russia–India–China–South Africa (BRICS), Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Colombia–Indonesia–Vietnam–Egypt–Turkey–South Africa (CIVETS), India–Brazil–South Africa Dialogue Forum (IBSA), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Council_of_Europe&oldid=996390896, International organizations based in Europe, International organizations based in France, United Nations General Assembly observers, Articles with dead external links from August 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Infoboxes without native name language parameter, Articles needing additional references from May 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Promotion of cultural co-operation and diversity under the Council of Europe's, Promotion of the right to education under Article 2 of the first Protocol to the, Promotion of European youth exchanges and co-operation through European Youth Centres in, Promotion of the quality of medicines throughout Europe by the. 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